Updating Your Estate Plan

As a part of the estate planning I do for my clients, I contact them each year to see if they need to make any updates or changes to their plan. You may think that once you get your estate plan drafted that you can make some changes just by handwriting in the changes and adding your signature to the change. Not so fast!

There are specific procedures that have to be followed when you execute the documents in your estate plan. According to Massachusetts law, you need a certain number of witnesses and those witnesses must meet certain requirements. You must also have documents notarized. If you do not meet these requirements, then your will, trust, or incapacity documents could be considered invalid after you become incapacitated or die. All that hard work and money that you put into getting your documents drafted correctly by an attorney will be wasted. Even more importantly, you may not receive the care you wanted, and your beneficiaries may not receive the inheritance you left them.

In addition, making a change to your estate plan without having your estate planning attorney do it may have other ramifications. You may put in a term or make a change that is not recognized by Massachusetts. For example, an Irrevocable Medicaid Trust must have certain language in it or it may be successfully challenged by Medicaid, causing you to potentially lose your home to pay for nursing care costs. An estate planning attorney stays current on any state law that may effect estate plans. This allows her to draft documents that meet your needs and are legally binding.

If you haven’t updated your estate plan in the last year or longer, contact me so we can see if you want any changes made, and I can make sure they are done correctly.

What is Intestate?

 wills trustsLet’s back up a minute. What happens if you die without any estate planning at all? No will, no trust, nothing. If this happens, then you die intestate. Several things happen if you die intestate.

Your estate must go through probate if you die intestate. This means the court must get involved to rule on the distribution of your assets because whatever possessions and property you have must, by law, be distributed. If you die without a will or trust, then Massachusetts law dictates how your assets will be distributed. You will not have any say in the matter. The loved ones you leave behind will have to pay legal and court filing fees for probate, will have to wait a long time for your assets to be distributed, and will find that whole process — including what was in your estate and who it goes to — is part of the public record for anyone and everyone to see.

When you die intestate, who gets your assets and how much depends on factors such as whether your spouse survives you, whether your parents survive you, and whether you have any surviving descendants. The intestacy statute( MGL c.190B, §§ 2-101 et seq) also has some explanations that you might not want applied to your estate. For example, relatives of the “half-blood” inherit the same as relatives of the “whole blood.” (MGL c. 190B, § 2-107) In addition, you may have heirs born after your death if they were in gestation at a certain time. (MGL c. 190B, § 2-108) As you can imagine, it can get a bit complicated.

How best to avoid this? Get an estate plan, even if it’s just your incapacity documents and a simple will. That is the best way to make sure your wishes are followed and those you care about are taken care of the way you want.